My little girl turned 3 on March 27. We had been celebrating for what seemed like for a month. Birthdays have always been very special events growing up Latina in Miami. We adopted Colombian traditions, mixed with Cuban traditions (it was Miami), mixed with American traditions and created our own. But it got me thinking, how do other Latin countries celebrate birthdays and what do we all have in common?
What may differ are the actual words for the Cumpleaños song by country. In my family we sing it, "Cumpleaños Feliz, Cumpleaños feliz, te deseamos a ti. Que los sigas cumpliendo hasta el año tres mil!" (Happy Birthday, Happy Birthday, we wish to you. May you continue having birthdays until the year 3000.) How do you sing it?
In many Latin & Hispanic countries la fiesta de quince años (fifteenth birthday party) symbolizes a girl's transition to womanhood. It is traditionally celebrated for the quincieañera (15th old birthday girl). The quincieañera will likely be dressed in a fancy debutante like gown or evening dress. In some countries like Mexico and Dominican Republic a mass may be held. Other customs may include having a choreographed group dance of 7 pairs (14) +1 (quincieañera) to equal 15 in honor of the 15th birthday or my personal favorite entering the fiesta (party) with your father and dancing the waltz. In the U.S los quince (the fifteens) are still a very important tradition, but we have adopted our own twists, like maybe forgoing the debutante ball gown or having just damas (ladies) dance in the group dance.
I had a traditional fiesta de quinces minus the choreographed damas y chambelanes (dames and chamberlains). My sister (below) did not want a party but opted for a fancy Quinces Photoshoot. Whatever your family decides, it's a nice tradition to pass down.
If you visit any Target or Walmart store you are likely to find piñatas in their party sections. Piñatas though traditionally most popular in Mexico during Las Posadas and birthday parties, are also popular in countries like Puerto Rico, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, and Colombia. A piñata is made of cardboard or paper maché, usually in bright colors of various characters or symbols. It may be stuffed with candy, toys, confetti, and even money and hung up.
There are two types of piñatas, one that you can beat (like below) or one with pull strings. On the ones where you can beat, children are blindfolded, given a stick to beat the piñata, and take turns, until it is broken. With the pull string piñata each child is given a string to pull on that will release a trap door under the piñata releasing all of it's contents.
Las Mañanitas (The mornings) is traditionally a Mexican birthday song that has been adopted in many Latin countries and sung at birthday parties, usually by a mariachi. In Colombia is is popular at a girl's fiesta de quinces where she will have a seranata (serenade) and the song is sung.
In Argentina it's custom to pull on the birthday child's earlobe for each year of the child's age. Um ow! While in Colombia "la enmaicenada" occurs. It's a prank where traditionally a box of maizena (corn starch), hence the name "enmaizenada," is dumped on the birthday person quite possibly followed by being egged. Something similar happens in Peru. In Mexico "la mordida" (the bite) occurs where the birthday child's (or adult's) hands are tied or held and their faces shoved into the cake so they can take their first bite. Hey it's a birthday, don't be so serious!
Cake can be called pastel, queque, bizcocho, tarta, ponqué, or torta, except in Mexico where torta refers to a type of sandwich. In Mexico a tres leches (three milks) cake is popular or a cake with heavy frosting for a good mordida. In Peru chocolate cake is very popular on birthdays. In Colombia torta negra (black cake) is a festive staple or a ponqué (pound cake). Dominican cakes, called bizcochos are usually heavy in frosting and filled with fruit filling like pineapple, or guava. In El Salvador the cake is white, not too sweet, topped with light frosting and covered in fresh fruit like strawberries. Here in the US we can adopt our own traditions and borrow from our families. Growing up in Miami, our birthday tradition was an ice cream cake and we kept the torta negra for other occasions.
It doesn't matter where you and your family are from. What matters is that you create your own traditions that reflect what's important to you. I can tell you that I remember many birthday celebrations from childhood, but the ones I remember the most were the ones where we celebrated as a familia, and the ones where one of my tias (aunts) wore too much makeup and mi tio (uncle) had one too many shots of Aguardiente, lol.
Feliz Cumpleaños mi Victoria.
What are some birthday traditions in your family? Share with us, we'd love to learn more.
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